Every year many people died of vehicle crashes. One of the main reasons is that they are too careless when driving on the highway.
The following tips will ensure you a pleasant journey.
I. Universal Driving Safety Tips
Before driving, check the operation of different parts of your car, such as traction and stability control. It is essential in bad weather. Besides, you should also pay attention to the following aspects.
1. Be aware of the speed limits
Generally speaking, 70 miles per hour is the maximum speed at daytime on the most interstate and state highways, while 65 miles per hour is the maximum speed at night. Exceptions always exist. The speed limit might be a little higher in some areas and might also vary according to different weather and traffic situations.
2. Drive in the correct lane
The right lane on the highway is for entering and exiting. It is also the most commonly used lane. When seeing traffic on the road, you should adjust your speed to reduce the possibility of collision. You can also switch into the middle lane when you are sure that you will not cause an accident. The middle lane is used when there is heavy traffic. The left lane is for passing. When you switch your path, remember to double-check the passing cars. Taking advantage of the rear-view mirror plus visual observation will ensure the right judgment. Last but not least, don’t change your lane while you are on-ramp or at the U-turn.
3. Share the road with trucks
As we all know, vehicles are hefty and usually hard to stop, so it is necessary to understand how to keep safe when driving near trucks.
When following a truck, you should keep a certain distance from it. Be more careful if you want to pass the vehicle, for example, after giving it, you’d better not move back to your lane immediately. When you can see the truck’s headlights in the rearview mirror, it will be safe to return to the road. When the trunk is backing up, it may be hazardous if you cross behind it.
4. Have a Rest
After a long time of driving, you may feel tired and dizzy. In such a condition, you should have a rest. Otherwise, it will be dangerous to yourself and other drivers. Here we list two good suggestions.
You’d better avoid driving at midnight or your ordinary sleeping time.
If you can’t focus because of tiredness, you can stop and rest to stretch your legs and arms or drink coffee
5. Drive with your headlights on at night
With the headlight on, it not only lights up the road but also gives other drivers a hint that you are driving behind him.
6. Check oil and different fluid levels when you refuel
Whenever you refuel the vehicle, remember to examine different fluid levels. If somewhere is leaking, you should fix it immediately.
7. Focus on driving
Chatting and making a phone call can lead to distraction. You are lucky if you haven’t encountered any accident until now. Fortune doesn’t always smile on you. Give up the bad driving habit.
8. Never drive when you are drunk
9. Listen to the traffic report on the radio
It tells you where traffic jams or accidents happened and how to change your route. You can also call the radio station to ask for help when you are in trouble.
10. Pay extra attention to cars around and traffic lights when you are at the intersection
II. Driving in Bad Weather
A. General consideration
- If possible, don’t drive, especially at night.
- Check the operation and cleanness of brake, mirrors, windshields, wiper blades, defrosters, and more before driving.
- Examine the condition of tires. Change the casing, which is balding or worn because your car needs enough traction during bad weather. Make sure all the tires have enough air.
- Don’t drive too fast or too slow. Adjust your speed to match with others around.
- Don’t forget to fasten the seatbelt.
- Don’t break abruptly, slow down gradually.
- Try to avoid switching lanes unless you are quite sure about the safety.
- Turn your headlight on even if it is in the day.
- Keep a more considerable distance from the front car. 2-5 car lengths are necessary for the bad weather.
- Be more careful when you cross bridges or overpasses.
B. Drive-in snowy weather
- If you need to go out at night, please consider going with others together.
- Install suitable tire chains. If they are not in your affordability, you can try to make some by yourself.
- Change standard tire to snow tire if conditions allow.
- Mix water with antifreeze in your radiator if necessary.
- Make sure you know how to deal with the car when you skid. For instance, it may be improper for you to put down hard on the brake while slipping.
C. Drive-in fog
- Reduce the noise in the car as much as possible since you can use your hearing to make judgment instead of using poor visibility.
- Turn all your lights on to enhance visibility.
- If you want to stop, it may be better to park in a safe area with a flasher and lights off.
D. Drive-in Rainy Day
- Avoid flooding roads. If impossible, follow other cars to judge the depth of water. Generally speaking, if the water is more than 6 inches deep, you should drive your car to higher ground and ask for help.
- Be careful about the passing cars because they will cause spray.
- If possible and safe enough, change to the middle lane because the middle path is always higher than other roads.
- Don’t yank your steering wheel to avoid collision and other accidents if your car, unfortunately, aquaplanes.
- Driving abroad
Before you go, check your passports.
Try to make yourself look like a local.
Get familiar with the rules of the road of your destination country since different countries may have different laws.
Buy a map or install a GPS device.
When parking your vehicle, make sure all the windows are closed.
Don’t pick up strangers.
Driving needs caution and preparation, especially in terrible conditions. When driving, think about your family and others’ safety. You will lose your life if you continue driving dangerously.